Nobel-Winning Physicist Murray Gell-Man Dies at 89

Murray Gell-Mann, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist who brought order to the universe by helping discover and classify subatomic particles, has died at the age of 89.

By Associated Press, Wire Service Content?May 26, 2019
By Associated Press, Wire Service Content?May 26, 2019, at 5:10 p.m.

安博电竞官网 www.haorencar.com Nobel-Winning Physicist Murray Gell-Man Dies at 89

The Associated Press

FILE - In this Nov. 14, 2003, file photo, Santa Fe Institute co-founder Murray Gell-Mann, winner of the 1969 Nobel Prize for physics, is seen Santa Fe Institute in Santa Fe, N.M. The Santa Fe Institute was born of a fervent wish among a broad range of scientists that some day they might work together on some of the world's seemingly unsolvable problems. Murray Gell-Mann, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist who brought order to the universe by helping discover and classify subatomic particles, died at the age of 89 Friday, May 24, 2019, at his home in Santa Fe, N.M. (AP Photo/Jane Bernard, File) The Associated Press

SANTA FE, N.M. (AP) — Murray Gell-Mann, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist who brought order to the universe by helping discover and classify subatomic particles, has died at the age of 89.

Gell-Mann died Friday at his home in Santa Fe, New Mexico. His death was confirmed by the Santa Fe Institute, where he held the title of distinguished fellow, and the California Institute of Technology, where he taught for decades. The cause was not disclosed.

Gell-Mann transformed physics by devising a method for sorting subatomic particles into simple groups of eight — based on electric charge, spin and other characteristics. He called his method the "eightfold way" after the Buddhist Eightfold Path to enlightenment.

Later Gell-Man developed the theory that identified "quarks," indivisible components of Earth's matter that make up protons, neutrons and other particles. Experiments confirmed the existence of quarks, and these objects now form the basis for our physical understanding of the universe, Caltech said in a statement.

"It would be hard to overestimate the degree to which Murray dominated theoretical particle physics during his heyday in the 1950s and 1960s. He contributed so many deep ideas that drove the field forward, many of which are just as relevant today," said John Preskill, the Richard P. Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics at Caltech.

In 1969, Gell-Man was honored with the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions."

Born and raised in New York City, Gell-Man received his bachelor's degree in physics from Yale University in 1948 and his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951.

In later years, Gell-Mann became interested in the issues of complexity at the heart of biology, ecology, sociology, and computer science. He co-founded the Santa Fe Institute to study complex systems and authored the 1994 book "The Quark and the Jaguar" to present his ideas to a general audience.

He is survived by his children Nicholas Gell-Mann and Elizabeth Gell-Mann; and stepson Nicholas Southwick Levis, according to the Caltech statement.

Copyright 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Related Articles

Best States

States' Push to Legalize Sports Betting Differs by Region

Best States

Oregon Lawmakers Still Missing

The Civic Report

Betting on the Rust Belt

Best States

Housing Unaffordable Across U.S.

National News

Missouri’s Last Abortion Clinic Fights State

National News

Supreme Court Allows 'Peace Cross'

Recommended

U.S. News Ranks the Best States

See if your state made the cut.

Casey LeinsMay 14, 2019

The 10 Best U.S. States for Education

These places are the best in America for educating students at all levels.

Casey LeinsMay 14, 2019

Argument Over Religious Tuition Payments in Federal Court

A small group of Maine parents that is backed by the U.S. Department of Justice says in federal court that the state should pay tuition for some students to attend religious schools.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Brown County State Park Partially Reopens Amid Water Trouble

Southern Indiana's popular Brown County State Park has partially reopened to the public although its overnight facilities will remain closed at least through Tuesday as staffers continue working to restore its drinking water supply.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Authorities: 3 Killed in Vehicle Collision in NW Montana

Authorities say three people have died in a two-vehicle collision in northwestern Montana.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Missouri Judge Allows Abortions to Continue, for Now

A Missouri judge says the state's lone abortion clinic can continue performing abortions, at least in the near future.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Former Student Guilty in Slaying of Visiting Chinese Scholar

Jurors have convicted a former University of Illinois doctoral student in the slaying of a visiting scholar from China who was abducted at a bus stop as she headed to sign an off-campus apartment lease.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Wisconsin Frac Sand Mines Sit Dormant as Competition Grows

Wisconsin's frac sand industry is grappling with several idled mines as the sector faces increased competition in Texas and Oklahoma.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Suit: Generic Drug Makers Used Code to Fix Price Increases

Representatives from some of the nation's largest generic drug manufacturers used code words to collude with competitors to divvy up market share and coordinate price increases.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Pennsylvania Budget Cram Week Starts With Eye on Saving Cash

Pennsylvania's budget cram week is beginning, as lawmakers are advancing a spending plan that uses surplus dollars to spread around modest spending increases.

Associated PressJune 24, 2019

Best States

Best States is an interactive platform developed by U.S. News for ranking the 50 U.S. states, alongside news analysis and daily reporting. The platform is designed to engage citizens and government leaders in a discussion about what needs improvement across the country.